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About Georgia 
 
Up Way Publications 34th Anniversary
 
FOUNDATIONS FIRM SERIES         Looseleaf Format           Book 1,  Lesson 2   Page 1

Our Firm Foundation on
What Sin Is

Sin is not the list of bad things to avoid that most people imagine it to be. Instead, it is the missing of God’s perfect will for our individual lives. The sooner we realize this truth, the sooner we can begin to restructure our lives to please God and to receive His many blessings or else decide that Christianity is not for us.

 
GOLDEN TEXT:
For all have sinned and come short of thenglory of God.                 Romans 3:23

SCRIPTURE TEXTS:
Isaiah 53:6; Matthew 1:21, 7:23; Romans 1:18; 5:17-21; James 1:14,15;
Galatians 3:19
ISAIAH 53:6

6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on Him the iniquity of us all.
MATTHEW 1:21, 7:23
21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call His name JESUS: for He shall save His people from their sins.
7: 23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from Me, ye that work iniquity
 
 

 

 
ROMANS 1:18; 5:17,18
18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;
17  For if by one man’s offense death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.
18  Therefore as by the offence of one judgement came upon all men to condemnation; even so, by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.    19   For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
20  Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:

21  That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.

JAMES 1:14, 15
14  But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust and enticed.
15  Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.

GALATIANS 3:19
19   Wherefore then serveth the Law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. 

 
INTRODUCTION:


If we are to fully appreciate the meaning of repentance, we need to know from what we are to repent. “Repentance from dead works” is one of the first principles listed for us in Hebrews 6:1,2. Missing this puts the whole foundation of our new lives in Christ Jesus in danger. “Dead works” are the deeds and actions of a life lived apart from the will of God. They may be the most religious of good works, gross deeds, or the hypocritical actions and attitudes of the self-righteous moralist. All acts done by any man without regard to the will of God are dead works.
“Sin” is the word most often used to describe the works of man apart from God, but there are others, such as transgressions, iniquity, evil, wickedness and ungodliness. Underlying all of these misdeeds is one principal attitude: SELFISHNESS!

1. WHAT ARE THE MEANINGS OF THE WORDS IDENTIFIED AS“SIN”?

a). Definition of Sin (amartia).
In all but seven (7) of the 314 places in the Old Testament, the word translated “sin” is the Hebrew word “chata” 

[pronounced kaw´taw], meaning “to miss”. Sin Definition IllustratedThis word is used in Judges 20:16 where it speaks of those who could “throw stones at a hair’s bredth and not miss (chata)” All but one of the 107 New Testament references to “sin” use the Greek word “amartia” or a variation of that word. “Amartia” was originally the word used by the goal-keeper in the sport of archery to tell the archer that he had missed or especially that he had fallen short of the  target bullseye.

b) Definition of  “evil” (kakos).
Bad, of a bad quality or disposition, worthless, corrupt, depraved, wick-ed, criminal, morally bad. In the parable of the servants in

FOUNDATIONS FIRM SERIES         Looseleaf Format                 Book 1,  Lesson 2   Page 2
 target bullseye.

       b) Definition of  “evil” (kakos).
Bad, of a bad quality or disposition, worthless, corrupt, depraved, wick-ed, criminal, morally bad. In the parable of the servants in Matthew 24:42-51, the “evil” servant is contrasted with the “faithful and wise”servant. “For from within, out of the heart of men proceed evil thoughts…” (Mark 7:21).

       c) Definition of  “wickedness” (poneria).
Evil disposition of mind, mischief, malignity. This word indicates a disregard for known justice, righteousness, truth, honor, virtue: evil in thought and deed. Depravity; sinfulness; criminality. “So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth and sever the wicked from among the just.” (Matthew 13:49).
    When the Pharisees “took counsel how they might entangle Him in His talk”, and asked Him a loaded question, “…Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, why tempt ye Me, ye hypocrites?” (Matthew 22:15-18).

       d) Definition of “transgression” (parabasus).
Stepping by the side, deviation; known violation of law. This word literally means “a stepping across”, as when one steps across a line across which he has no right to step. Or invading forbidden territory and crossing the bounds of that which is right: another sin of deliberately climbing over the fence between right and wrong.
“Wherefore serveth the law? It was added because of 
transgressions…” (Galatians 3:19).

       e) Definition of “unrighteousness” (adikia).
Injustice, wrong, iniquity, falsehood, deceitfulness. The 

unrighteous person fails to give to God and to man what is rightly owed to them: To God, his love and obedience; to man his caring concern, love and service. “All unrighteousness (adikia) is sin (amartia),” (1 John 5:17).

       f) Definition of “iniquity” (anomia).
Without law. not subject to law, violating law; lawless. This word stresses the deliberation of sin and describes the person who knows right fully but chooses to do wrong. The worker of iniquity knowingly disobeys God’s law.

        g) Definition of “ungodliness” (asebia).
Total disregard for God: treating God as if He did not exist. It is not atheism, which does not believe in the existence of a God. Ungodliness knows there is a God and knowingly chooses to totally disregard Him. “For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness.” (Romans 1:18).

       h) Definition of “disobedience” (parakoe).
The original definition of this word meant to mishear or fail to hear, but it has also come to mean the deliberate closing of one’s ears so as not to hear. This sin is closing one’s ears to God in order to listen to one’s self. “For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners…” (Romans 5:19).

       i) Definition of “trespass” (paraptoma).
A falling aside, deviation from the right path. This word “describes the slip which a man may make when he is not looking where he is going, when he takes his eye off the goal: failure in concentration; failure in self-control through which a man is swept or

 
FOUNDATIONS FIRM SERIES         Looseleaf Format                 Book 1,  Lesson 2   Page 3
slips into sin.”  “And you hath He quickened, who were dead in trespasses (paraptoma) and sins (amartia).” (Ephesians 2:1).
j) Definition of  “abomination” (towebah or shiqquts).
Something disgusting (morally), abhor- rent, filthy, detestable. It is always used to show God’s deepest revulsion, disgust; something that makes God “sick at His stomach”, so to speak; a sin so disgusting as to bring God’s strongest curses or judgement. 

2. WHAT IS THE ORIGIN OF SIN?
a) Historically: Genesis 3:1
 “By one man SIN entered into the world.” (Romans 5:12).
b) Individually:
“EVERY MAN is tempted, when he is drawn away of HIS OWN LUST, and enticed. Then, when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin, and sin, when it is finished bringeth forth death.” (James 1:14,15).

3. HOW MANY ARE SINNERS?
       “ALL have sinned…” (Romans 3:23).
“…Both Jews and Gentiles…they are ALL under sin.” (Romans 3:9).
“There is NONE RIGHTEOUS, no, not one.” (Romans 3:10).
“They are ALL gone out of the way…there is none that doeth good, no, not one.” (Romans 3:12).
“…ALL THE WORLD…guilty before God.” (Romans 3:19).
“…for that ALL have sinned!” (Romans 5:12).
“…The scripture hath concluded ALL under sin.” (Galatians 3:22).

4 WHAT IS THE MARK WE ALL MISS WHEN WE SIN?
        a) God’s purpose for our lives.
As we have stated before, God emphasizes the most important
 
 

things most often. No teaching so fills the pages of God’s Word as the teaching that we were created to serve, worship, exalt,  praise, magnify, edify, glorify and honor the Lord. This, then is our bullseye, the mark we must aim for.

We cannot possibly live lives that are always pleasing to God unless we have first come to Him in obedience and received His free gift of salvation which is confirmed by the baptism of the Holy Spirit with overcoming power. Nor can we truly magnify the Lord unless we preach and teach the one Plan of Salvation which He ordained: Belief, Repentance, Burial of our old sin nature with Him in water for the remission of sins and receiving His confirming gift of Holy Spirit baptism, with the first evidence of speaking in tongues followed by power to overcome evil and do works that glorify God as new creatures in Christ Jesus.

       b) We choose to please ourselves first.
Whatever the sin, whether it is listed as an evil deed, a transgression, iniquity, ungodly or unrighteous, all are sin because they are not doing the things that God wants us to do. We choose to do what we want rather than what God wants.

5. WHAT SINS DO THE SCRIPTURES SPECIFICALLY LIST?
1. Seven which come from the natural  heart and defile (Matthew 15:18-20).
2. Thirteen which come from the natural heart and defile (Mark 7:21-23).
3. Twenty-three which bring the judgement of God (Romans 1:29-32).
 

FOUNDATIONS FIRM SERIES         Looseleaf Format           Book 1,  Lesson 2   Page 4
4. Seven which Christians must not do (Romans 13:13, 14).
5. Six with which Christians must not associate (1 Corinthians 5:9-11).
6. Ten which bar from the kingdom of God (1 Corinthians 6:9,10).
7. Eleven from which Christians must turn away  (2 Corinthians 12:20,21).
8. Seventeen which bar from the Kingdom of God (Galatians 5:19-21).
9. Nine in which the unsaved live and in which Christians must not live (Ephesians 4:17-19).
10. Six which must not be named as| existing among Christians (Ephesians 5:3,4).
11. Nine which Christians must put away (Ephesians 4:25,28,29,31).
12. Four which bar from the kingdom of God and of Christ and which bring the wrath of God (Ephesians 5:5,6).
13. Six which Christians must mortify, and which bring the wrath of God (Colossians 3:5,6).
 


NOTES:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

14. Six which Christians must put off (Colossians 3:8,9).
15. Fourteen for  which the law was given  (1 Timothy 1:9,10).
16. Nineteen from which Christians must turn away (2 Timothy 3:1-5).
17. Nine from which Christians are saved (Titus 3:3-5).
18. Five which Christians must lay aside (1 Peter 2:1).
19. Seven sins of the flesh in which Christians used to live (1 Peter 4:2-4).
20. Eight which condemn to the lake of fire (Revelations 21:8).
21. Six which bar from the tree of life and the holy city (Revelations 22:14).

These 21 lists include 202 sins. Some are found in more than one list, but there are 103 separate sins mentioned.

SUMMARY:
If we are to live sinless lives, we must first of all die to ourselves and then be filled with the Holy Spirit who empowers us to continue to be daily filled with the Spirit. When we are seeking to please our Lord Jesus first and foremost, we will seldom fall into sin, “But and if we sin, we have an advocate with the Father…”               (1 John 2:1).


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